What is Aged-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common of these disorders, mainly affecting people over the age of 60. It is the most frequent cause of blindness in western countries like the US, Europe and Australia, and is one of the top three causes of blindness in Asia, including Singapore. For those aged 60 and above, the incidence of AMD is 12.5%, but at age 80 and beyond, this rate increases to 33%

AMD is an eye disease that primarily affects the central portion of the retina known as the macula. The macula is the central portion of the back of retina, the film that lines the inside of the eyeball. It is responsible for reading, colour perception and face recognition.

The risk for developing macular degeneration increases with age. By the age of 75, about 1 in 3 persons will suffer from some form AMD. Other risk factors include: a family history of the disease, cigarette smoking, diet low in antioxidant and high in fat, excessive sunlight exposure, hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

In the early stages of macular degeneration, the transport of nutrients and wastes by the RPE slows down. As waste products accumulate under the retina, they form yellowish deposits called drusen. Most people with drusen do not lose vision.


Types of AMD


What are the Treatment Options?

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